As the town of Sioux Falls was built, South Dakota’s attitude towards architecture was grand, yet utilitarian. Sioux Falls Architecture is characterized by the Richardsonian Romanesque style by late nineteenth century architect, Wallace Dow. Being involved the politics of the Dakota Territory lead to Dow’s success, and he is given much credit to Sioux Falls’s history. However, the politicians, the local building materials, the stonecutters and prison labor had as much influence on Sioux Falls and its architecture than one single architect.
The first penitentiary in Sioux Falls of the Dakota Territory had a major impact on how Sioux Falls grew economically and aesthetically. Penal labor and manufacturing provided cheaper, necessary assistance and low cost goods to regional customers trying to stay afloat in the harsh economy of the Dakota Territory.
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